The saz or baglama is a Turkish musical instrument of the traditional long-necked lute family. In fact both the names saz and baglama may be used in various countries near Turkey. Saz/baglama is very similar to the bouzouki from Greek. The saz has a very narrow, long neck like the trichordo bouzouki.
The strings of saz are made with metal and tuned using friction tuning pegs at the top, it is something like the ones on a violin, instead of using machine heads. Note that for metal strings machine heads are more effective and some modern sazes use them. Although these haven’t caught on yet. These are normally seven strings and mainly grouped into three major courses.
The spectacular function of saz lies on the combination of string arrangement. More widely the arrangements